27 de septiembre Dia Mundial del Turismo
El día mundial del turismo se celebra cada año a partir de 1980.
La historia del día mundial del turismo se remonta al 27 de septiembre de 1970 cuando tuvo lugar la primera asamblea general de la Unión Internacional de Organismos Oficiales de Turismo (UIOOT), organismo que antecede a la Organización Mundial del Turismo (OMT). Ese día se establecieron las leyes que marcaban los lineamientos a seguir para la conformación de la actual Organización Mundial del Turismo (OMT).
No es sino hasta 1975 cuando se reconoce a la OMT como el Organismo Internacional rector de la promoción del Turismo en el mundo. En ese año se celebró la primera asamblea general de la OMT con sede en Madrid, España.
- Nota relacionada: 2017, Año Internacional del Turismo Sostenible para el Desarrollo
En su tercera reunión, celebrada en Torremolinos (España) en septiembre de 1979, la Asamblea General de la OMT decidió instituir el Día Mundial del Turismo a partir del año 1980.
Un año después, en 1980, con el propósito de fomentar el desarrollo del turismo y concientizar a la comunidad del impacto social, cultural, ambiental y económico que representa el sector en el mundo, se conmemora por primera vez el día mundial del turismo y se le asigna el 27 de Septiembre por ser el día en que se aprobaron (en 1970) los estatutos de la OMT.
En torno al día mundial del turismo, en gran cantidad de países, se llevan a cabo eventos, conferencias, seminarios, presentaciones académicas, entre otros, normalmente amparadas bajo el lema que la asamblea general de la OMT anticipadamente ha declarado. De igual manera, las celebraciones oficiales tienen lugar en un estado miembro de la OMT.
Lema del día mundial del turismo a través de los años:
- 2020: “Turismo y Desarrollo Rural” con Sede en los países de MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay).
- 2019: “Turismo y empleo: un futuro mejor para todos” con Sede en la India.
- 2018: “El Turismo y la Transformación Digital” con Sede en Budapest, Hungría.
- 2017: “Turismo Sostenible para el Desarrollo” con sede en Catar.
- 2016: “Turismo para todos: promover la accesibilidad universal” con sede en Tailandia.
- 2015: “Mil millones de turistas, mil millones de oportunidades” con sede en Burkina Faso.
- 2014: “Desarrollo comunitario y turismo” con sede en México.
- 2013: “Turismo y agua: protegiendo nuestro futuro común” con sede en Maldivas.
- 2012: “Turismo y sostenibilidad energética: propulsores del desarrollo sostenible” con sede en España.
- 2011: “Acercamiento de las culturas” con sede en Egipto.
- 2010: “Turismo y biodiversidad” con sede en China.
- 2009: “Turismo: celebrando la diversidad” con sede en Ghana.
- 2008: “Turismo: respuesta al reto del cambio climático” con sede en China.
- 2007: “Turismo abre puertas a las mujeres” con sede en Sri Lanka.
- 2006: “El turismo es riqueza” con sede en Portugal.
- 2005: “Viajes y transporte: del imaginario de Julio Verne a la realidad del siglo 21” con sede en Catar.
- 2004: “Deporte y turismo: dos fuerzas vivas para la comprensión mutua, la cultura y el desarrollo de las sociedades” con sede en Malasia.
- 2003: “Turismo: una fuerza impulsora para el alivio de la pobreza, la creación de empleo y la armonía social” con sede en Argelia.
- 2002: “Ecoturismo, la clave para el desarrollo sostenible” con sede en Costa Rica.
- 2001: “Turismo: una herramienta para la paz y el diálogo entre civilizaciones” con sede en República Islámica de Irán.
- 2000: “Tecnología y Naturaleza: dos retos para el turismo en los albores del siglo XXI” con sede en Alemania.
- 1999: “Turismo: la preservación del patrimonio mundial para el nuevo milenio” con sede en Chile.
- 1998: “Asociación de sectores públicos y privados: la clave para el desarrollo del turismo y la promoción” con sede en México.
- 1997: “El turismo como actividad principal del siglo XXI para la creación de empleo y la protección del medio ambiente”.
- 1996: “Turismo: un factor de tolerancia y paz”.
- 1995: “OMT: al servicio de turismo mundial durante veinte años”.
- 1994: “Personal de calidad, un turismo de calidad”.
- 1993: “El desarrollo del turismo y la protección del medio ambiente: hacia una armonía duradera”.
- 1992: “Turismo: un factor de creciente solidaridad social y económico y de encuentro entre las personas”.
- 1991: “Comunicación, información y educación: líneas del desarrollo turístico”.
- 1990: “Turismo: una industria no reconocida, un servicio que necesita liberarse (Declaración del Turismo en la Haya).
- 1989: “La libre circulación de turistas crea un mismo mundo”.
- 1988: “Turismo: la educación para todos” .
- 1987: “Turismo para el desarrollo”.
- 1986: “Turismo: una fuerza vital para la paz mundial”.
- 1985: “Turismo Juvenil: patrimonio cultural e histórico para la paz y la amistad”.
- 1984: “Turismo para la comprensión internacional, la paz y la cooperación”.
- 1983: “Los viajes y las vacaciones son un derecho y una responsabilidad para todos”.
- 1982: “Orgullo de viaje: buenos huéspedes y buenos anfitriones”.
- 1981: “El turismo y la calidad de vida”.
- 1980: “La contribución del turismo a la conservación del patrimonio cultural, la paz y el entendimiento mutuo”.
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